Mengenal Jejak Bebatuan Megalitikum, Situs Misteri Dari Lembah Bada


Dunia tahu, Indonesia  negeri yang kaya dengan alam hingga budayanya. Bahkan Prof. Arsiyo N. dos Santos dalam bukunya “Atlantis the Lost Continents Finally Found” menyebutkan, Indonesai adalah Atlantis yang hilang dari muka bumi.

Mungkin, pendapat Santos bisa saja benar. Terlebih, memang banyak situs peninggalan zaman purba yang ditemukan di Indonesia. Misalnya saja seperti situs bebatuan megalitikum yang berada di kawasan Taman Nasional Lore Rindu, Kabupaten, Poso, Sulawesi Tengah. Situs yang satu ini masih menjadi misteri soal awal mula pembuatannya.

Ratusan batuan megalitik ini di pahat menyerupai patung yang di antaranya berbentuk seperti manusia. Situs ini tepatnya berada di Lembah Bada atau Lembah Napu. Tempat tersebut merupakan padang savana yang luas dan indah. Dalam wilayah tersebut terdapat banyak ratusan batu megalitikum yang telah ditemukan sejak tahun 1908. Penemuan situs sudah berlangsung lebih dari 100 tahun. Namun hanya sedikit hal yang diketahui situs megalitikum ini, salah satunya kapan batu itu dibuat.


Keberadaan batu-batu yang kabarnya telah ada  sejak abad ke 14 ini memang menjadi misteri. Ada spekulasi yang menyebutkan, bahwa batu-batu megalitikum ini dipahat sejak 5.000 tahun yang lalu. Tapi ada juga yang mengatakan dibuat sekitar 1.000 tahun yang lalu. Keberadaan situs ini juga dikaitkan dengan budaya megalitik di Laos, Kamboja, serta beberapa wilayah Indonesia lainya pada 2.000 tahun yang lalu. Dugaan-dugaan lain juga mengungkapkan bahwa peninggalan situs ini dibuat oleh kebudayaan berbeda, sehingga sampai saat ini situ ini masih menyimpan tanda tanya besar.


Tujuan dibuatnya megalit ini juga masih belum dapat dipastikan, terlebih kepercayaan masyarakat lokal yang menganggap situs ini digunakaan untuk melakukan pemujaan terhadap leluhur. Pahatan batu megalit ini memiliki sederet nama seperti Palindo, Torompana, Tokala’ea dan Loga yang diberikan oleh penduduk lokal. Penduduk lokal percaya bahwa patung Palindo yang memiliki arti “Sang Penghibur” dalam bahasa setempat adalah gambaran dari penduduk pendahulu mereka yaitu suku Tossaloge. Mitos juga terdapa pada Megalit Tokala’ea yang dulunya merupakan permekosa sehingga dikutuk menjadi batu.

Tak hanya bebatuan yang di pahat menyerupai patung, Lembah Bada juga memiliki Kalamba yaitu artefak yang berbetuk tempayan besar dipahat dari sebuah batu besar. Beberapa memiliki satu lubang di tengahnya dan ada pula yang memilki dua lubang. Penduduk lokal percaya bahwa Kalamba digunakan oleh para raja atau petinggi untuk berendam, sedangkan pendapat lain mengungkapkan bahwa Kalamba digunakan sebagai peti mati atau tangki air.


Di balik berbagai macam cerita ataupun mitos yang beredar, hingga saat ini masih menjadi misteri bagi dan belum diketahui secara detail tentang keberadaan situs purbakala megalitikum tersebut.

Penulis : Rizki A

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